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9. Zofiówka

Kochanowskiego 10 Street

In 1906 with initiative of doctors: Adam Wiezl, Samuel Goldflam, Ludwik Bregman, eng. Adolf Weisblat, Majer Rudstein, judge Arnold Szpinak,  the Association of Care of Neurological Weakened and Mentaly ill Jews in Poland.

In 1908 Association started to realize the project of first social hospital for mentally ill in Otwock. Thanks to Zofia Endelman, who had given  all of her jewelry for this purpose, a 30-morgen area was bought.  The building of Zofiówka then started. The manager of building process was eng. Adolf Weisblat, who used project of  constructing architect egn. Henryk Stifelman.

 In 1908 men’s pavilion as build. It was storeyed building, which had three spacious halls on the ground floor: dining room, bedroom for sick people, waiting room for visitors, buffet, toilets, spare room and special room for cleaning garden working uniforms. 

Three bathroom were on the second floor. They had 10-15 beds, and each one had special bed for nurse.  There were also  two isolated rooms for mentally disturbed patients, rooms for doctor, room for warder and sanitary device.

In 1910, thanks to donor Herman Poznański, in distance of 100 steps from men’s pavilion, women’s pavilion was built. It was single-storey building that consisted of two spacious bedrooms connected with arcades, daily living room, doctor’s room, spare room and sanitary device.

In 1926 by getting a loan from Magistrate , next pavilion was opened – it had place for 60 beds.

In 1937 Zofiówka offered 275 beds.

First manager of Zofiówka was dr. Samuel Goldflam (1852-1932), he was neurologist and pioneer of microscopy of nervous system.

 Zofiówka admitted usually calm mentally ill people, still capable to do any job. Most of mentally ill was treated for free on expenses of Association or Commune.  Only a few patients was treated on expense of their family, if they declared some regular donations for Association purposes.

On December 1st Zofiówka was on the area of heath resort ghetto.

On August 19th 1942 the liquidation of ghetto started. It was a great tragedy for Jewish patients and employers. 108 patients, three doctors was executed. Some of them were exported to extermination camp, a few managed to escape (chief. Miller), others committed suicide (dr. Lewinówna, dr. Maślanko, mgr Lichtenfeld)

In 1943 Germans planned to organize in Zofiówka Lebensbonheim – Ostland Centre. Medical device was destined to be transported from ghetto to Warsaw, with  the consent of First Officer of SS an GG Police. Both houses was planned to accommodate around 100 mothers and 150 children.  One of them was adjusted to be obstetric ward, second was adjusted to be nursery and orphanage.  One of the centre objectives was Germanization of polish children and adjusting them to the adaption by German families.

This nightmarish plans were never realized.

After Germans retreat in 1944, Zofiówka was took over by Red Army. It was handed over the Otwock’s Administration in June 11th 1946.  After renovation and adaption, Zofiówka started to be Socialist Instructional Centre, which was then called  Central School of Activeness ZMP.

In 1955/1956 Stefan Okrzeja Public Anti – Tuberculosis Sanatorium was opened here. It was destined for youth over 15. During the treatment  whole patients studied in high school organized in Sanatorium. As the education process was finished, they could obtain their high school certificates (similar to A-levels).  Sanatorium had 250 beds and hired highly qualified medical and teachers staff.

In 1967 Sanatorium became a part of The Feliks Dzierżyński Sanatorium, and from that moment, it treated only adults, who suffered from lung tuberculosis. 

In 1985 Sanatorium got back to its previous objectives, and became an affiliate of Neuropsychiatric Healthcare Complex in Zagórze. Because of too many referrals from Child Psychiatric Health Clinic, the decision about establishing school in Zofiówka was made. It has classed from V to VIII (11 to 14 years)

In 1995 in Zofiówka Ward of Young Addicted was established.

Before close-down and removal to Zagórze, on Pulmonology, Psychiatry and Neuropsychiatry wards in Zofiówka, adults alcoholics, mentally ill, juvenile addicts and people suffered from neurosis were treated.

Buildings of Zofiówka for years remain empty and perish

The allotment of property is now the object of debate between Denominational Group, Voivodeship Marshal and County Administration.